Prior to, it had been understood one of the Chipayas you to Chile was only an effective location to works

«Whatever you are afraid of is that to the constant migration to Chile, the brand new Chipayas manages to lose a sense of who they are, their label and you may lifestyle,» told you Gilberto Pauwels, good Belgian anthropologist who is an expert towards the Uru culture. «It will be good travesty if that were to takes place.»

Some Chipaya who check out Chile to function eventually return on village, progressively more guys are getting down stakes around.

The natives, the brand new Aymara, wouldn’t allow Chipaya to return into the house it had just after named household, given that Aymara got paid back highest taxes so you can The country of spain to possess rights into the belongings, given that Chipaya paid down lower fees to live on the water

«We met a good Chipaya who’s his possessions during the Chile, their jeep, his cellular phone with his workers, nearly all just who are also Indian groups and Chipaya,» Mr. Pauwels told you. «It is a complete improvement in attitude. «

Florencio Mamaniquespi, a twenty eight-year-dated industry worker, mentioned that he had xxx familiar with his constant travel across the the fresh border to focus but which he always searched toward coming back family, regardless if the guy try not to say a comparable to have his family relations.

«Nearly all my buddies are living more than around full time and you will they want to move their families since it is rocket science heading forward and backward,» Mr. Mamaniquespi said. «However, I tell them you have got to survive this adversity to manage our battle.’ «

Today, it stands for a special existence

The Indians trace its dilemmas towards arrival of your own Spaniards. Anthropologists say the latest Urus appeared in Bolivia tens of thousands of decades prior to the newest Christian time and you can a long time before this new Aymara Indians, exactly who today make up the bulk of Bolivia’s native populace.

The original Uru, have been anglers and you can seekers, lived to the drifting isles produced from reeds on the Lakes Titicaca, Poopo and you may Coipasa, where there is enough wildlife.

The dilemmas first started if lakes arrive at run dry because the regarding environment alter, around the period of the Foreign language conquest, pressuring MГёt Peruansk kvinner the new Chipaya onto dry land.

«Given that Urus were traditions into the h2o, the country altered significantly to them,» Mr. Pauwels told you. «They’d zero legal rights for the house any more which is why they are thus terrible today.»

This new Chipaya, exactly who immediately after influenced this new high ordinary, have been obligated to settle at the thirteen,one hundred thousand base for the beaches off Lake Coipasa, today a sodium lake. Some Chipaya changed into the fresh Aymara people to acquire specific home.

Mr. Pauwels said that good census out of 1580 indicated that there have been more forty,one hundred thousand Uru in the area, in contrast to about 3,000 now, of exactly who the fresh Chipayas make up dos,000.

A number of Uru nevertheless survive the fresh drifting islands in the Lake Titicaca, the brand new earth’s highest inland lake during the twelve,500 foot over sea level, with each other Bolivia’s edging that have Peru. But they acknowledge which they care for it lifetime only to desire tourist.

Today, the brand new Chipaya however believe that the home is taken from their website because of the Aymara, and they’ve got petitioned the us government to have it straight back.

Towards Bolivian Authorities, the newest Chipaya quandary comes at the same time in the event that state’s million Indians, which take into account more seventy percent of your own populace, are common demanding higher rights and admiration, once years of neglect.

Chairman Gonzalo Sanchez de- Lozada’s management provides performed a program to let, growing Regulators spending in the countryside and you may, one of most other steps, bringing training into the Indian dialects.

Nevertheless Authorities is hard pressed to get the currency and you may info it could test resettle 3,000 Chipaya, and should not afford to offend the fresh thousands of Aymara Indians by annexing areas of its land into Chipaya.

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